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Empire of the Ptolemies

The Role of the Service Sector in Brazil, Mexico and the USA

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        StatementUniversity of Cambridge ESOL Examinations
        PublishersUniversity of Cambridge ESOL Examinations
        LC Classifications2014
        The Physical Object
        Paginationxvi, 108 p. :
        Number of Pages89
        ID Numbers
        ISBN 10nodata

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Empire of the Ptolemies by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations Download PDF EPUB FB2

At least from about 230 BC, these land grants were provided to machimoi, lower ranking infantry usually of Egyptian origin, who received smaller lots comparable to traditional land allotments in Egypt. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. Although Ptolemy supported him, the people of Antioch and the Syrian army asked the Egyptian monarch himself to become their ruler. Ptolemy won over the Egyptians through the establishment in Memphis of the Sarapis cult, which fused the Egyptian and Greek religions; through restoration of the temples of the pharaohs, which had been destroyed by the Persians; and through gifts to the ancient Egyptian gods and patronage of the Egyptian nobility and priesthood.

80—58 BC, younger brother of Ptolemy XII Auletes Health [ ] See also:and Continuing the tradition established by previousthe Ptolemies engaged in includingwith many of the pharaohs being married to their siblings and often co-ruling with them. "Cleopatra VII Philopator", 51—30 BC ruled jointly with 51—47 BC47—44 BC and 44—30 BC. For a time he even held important positions in Greece, e. In this his reign marks the gradual Egyptianisation of the Ptolemies. Ptolemy VI had to contend Empire of the Ptolemies with the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV and with his brother who was one Empire of the Ptolemies his major rivals.

He inherited his father's love for literature and genius for administration, but not his military capacity. Philopator 221-217 217 Battle of Raphia Ptolemaios IV vanquishes the Seleucids at Raphia near Gaza with the help of native Egyptian troops.

Egypt After the Pharaohs: 332 BC—AD 642; From Alexander to the Arab Conquest. But the ingratitude of Balas, after he had obtained the throne by Ptolemy's aid, alienated his patron.


" Located 30 kilometres 19 mi west of the Nile's westernmost mouth, the city was immune to the silt deposits that persistently choked harbors along the river. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy. Those Jews who were still trying to be faithful to their God were infuriated by this state of affairs, and their hearts were pained that the position of High Priest could be bought by the highest bidder. Far up the Nile at Ombi a gymnasium of the local Greeks was found in 136—135 BC, which passed resolutions and corresponded with the king.

Notwithstanding an early crushing defeat at the in 306 BC, the Ptolemaic navy became the dominant in the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean for the next several decades.