1 edition of Amenity reclamation of mineral workings found in the catalog.
Includes index.At head of title: Department of the Environment.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 134 p. :|
|Number of Pages||84|
nodata File Size: 9MB.
The best effect of soil ripping may be achieved by ripping after subsoil spreading and again after topsoil spreading, and in some cases, repeating this during and possibly by agreement beyond the aftercare period. These Circulars are now cancelled.
This is particularly important on large sites where reclamation may be phased. Larger mineral extraction sites can incorporate a range of these afteruses.
It effectively embraces afteruses that require planting and management of vegetation but are not covered by the definitions of agriculture or forestry. The following aspects of soil management should be considered:• The Amenity reclamation of mineral workings landforms will however affect the total mineral resource which can be extracted and there may need to be a compromise between maximising the use of the mineral resource and minimising the landscape impact.
This corresponds with the aims of a phased restoration scheme and prevents double handling, which may damage soil quality. It is recommended that trees are planted in accordance with BS 3936 - part 1 specifies requirements for trees and shrubs used in amenity planting and part 4 specifies requirements for trees and shrubs used in timber production.
It is important to ensure that topsoil and subsoil are not mixed. Reclamation of surface mineral workings can enhance derelict and degraded areas, remove ground instability caused by old mineral workings, create habitats, improve countryside access and provide community facilities and geological sites of interest. There is a wide range of organic waste materials which may be suitable for use as an amendment, however these can only be used where the receiving environment will not be adversely affected.
If continuous mounds are used dissimilar soil can be separated by a third material, such as sand, to avoid mixing soil types. Whereas low intensity grazing can be used as an aftercare management tool to encourage the establishment of semi-natural grassland, improve soil quality and help control weeds.
In many cases the sites will be reclaimed back to an agricultural afteruse, although increasingly forestry and nature conservation afteruses are being applied either across part or all of the site. It is important that soil-forming material with the most promising characteristics are fully recovered see model condition 7. In the future, consideration will have to be given to the implications of the Water Framework Directive, including how proposals relate to River Basin Management Plans.
Planning authorities need to ensure that operators obtain professional advice in assessing the quality of agricultural land affected by the development. The soil is collected by an angled blade at the base of the machine and then spread back on ground being restored or stored for later use. Many older mineral sites and some new sites have limited soil resources available for restoration purposes, and it is impractical to import large volumes of soil.
It contains an analysis of the national and regional distribution of mineral workings in England and compares the results with earlier surveys.
prevent storage heaps from being unduly damaged by vehicles;• Further advice on reclamation to agriculture can be obtained from specialist consultants.
However the Environment Act 1995 now requires operators to bring forward updated schemes of conditions.